The Pelican, is the ship Sir Francis Drake took around the world when he became the first English-born explorer to circumnavigate the globe.
In 1577, Francis Drake was asked by Queen Elizabeth to sail past the Straits of Magellan, up the coast of South America and explore all the area west of charted waters. Spain ruled over most of the new colonies in America, and England needed to infiltrate the lands to increase its presence there.
On the 15th of November 1577, The Pelican and a fleet sailed away from Plymouth, its crew ready to traverse the Atlantic Ocean. Unfortunately, due to bad weather, the small fleet had to return to Cornwall. A second try was to embark from England on the 13th December. This time, there were no major pitfalls.
The excursion across the Atlantic was difficult. The Pelican was a light and sturdy ship at 100 tons, so it made the journey intact. By the time it reached the northwest coast of South America, the other ships in its fleet were gone and The Pelican had to complete the journey alone.
While on their spectacular adventure Drake renamed the ship The Golden Hind after a deer’s picture on his patron Sir Christopher Hatton’s coat of arms.